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Monetary Policy, International Affairs, Democracy. Johns Hopkins Masters Student
President Nixon signing NEPA into Law

On January 1st, 1970, President Nixon signed the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) into law. NEPA created a review program for all government projects, forcing agencies to consider the environmental implications of their actions. Federally, this was the first movement towards environmental protection in the United States and came to be referred to as the Magna Carta of Environmental Law. It has become a blueprint for over 100 similar laws for national governments, municipalities, and important environmental regions such as the Amazon rain forest. NEPA has slightly altered since it became law 50 years ago, most notably by the Obama…

Can we fix it?

Do we love Democracy in American? We like the idea of Democracy. We love freedom, liberty, Paul Revere, The Declaration of Independence, hamburgers, and fireworks. We don’t love democracy. Democracy hasn’t been fun for everyone. Certainly, we have all been on the losing side of an issue and been displeased with the majority. Some would argue we still don’t have a true democracy. It took a good 100 years to allow all men to vote, and almost 200 years to get all citizens to vote. …

Do we accept the bias in our legal system?

The Allegory of Good and Bad Government

My goal in writing this article is not to propose a solution, but rather point out a problem that I feel we need to solve in society.

In 500 AD, Clovis, one of the earliest Gaul leaders, adopted a set of laws in his territory to settle disputes rather than let mob justice take over. The laws and penalties were normal for the time, fines for theft, assault, killings, and every other typical bad behavior we understand. However, one thing you may find an oddity concerning these laws was the discrimination…

How do we balance Development, Heathlcare, Immigration, and our Environment. No, it’s not the Green New Deal.

The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) is the only federal comprehensive policy on the books. The act passed 50 years ago during the Nixon administration to serve as a decision-making framework for environmental actions. Simply put, any project conducted by a federal agency, using federal money, on federal land, or on “protected lands” (i.e. wetlands) must pass through the process. This sounds simple enough.

It’s not.

During my undergraduate, I found my University actually offered a certificate in NEPA. NEPA’s permitting process takes…

Trump failed to use his head and this is where we landed.

July 30th, 2020 was the day we learned that we had the largest single contraction in the US economy of all time. Our GPD fell 33% at an annualized rate during the second quarter of 2020 (a 9.5% reduction in our GDP), amid the Covid-19 pandemic. Many considered this sudden economic crisis to be a complete surprise, here are three reasons it’s not.

1. The Yield Curve Inverted in August of 2019

For the casual reader, you might not have heard of the yield curve. The yield curve shows the relationship between interest rates and time for…

Books for all levels to help you see the world through a different lens.

In light of recent events, I have curated a list of books to help everyone understand and become more involved in dialogue and understanding. These books do not focus on one aspect of privilege, but rather a holistic view of what it’s like to not have the same opportunities as others.


Beginner Level

My Vanishing Country — Bakari Sellers

I am Malala — Christina Lamb & Malala Yousafzai

Educated — Tara Westover

Intermediate Level

Hillbilly Elegy — J.D. Vance

$2.00 a Day — H. Luke…

Surrender of General Cornwallis — John Trumbull

Not so long ago a group of small rebels, fed up with their lack of representation, denial of what they view as ‘human rights’, and need for change, decided to form a coalition in order to fight against the system. This small group, who, in all fairness, dealt with injustices, felt it was needed to send a message to the larger, oppressive government that things must change, and if not, violence may ensue. This might sound like I am writing about an insurrection in a foreign country, the Black Lives Matter movement, or the Capital Hill Autonomous Zone (CHAZ), but…

The 21st century has ushered in a host of new problems threatening our nation, here’s how to avoid becoming the next Hungary.

We view our constitution as a “living document” that must adapt and change for the needs of the people in our Republic. Our founding fathers could never have anticipated the different expansions of power, geopolitical events, and philosophical issues that our nation has faced over the past 250 years, but they did allow us the ability to change, or more accurately “amend” our governing document.

Occasionally, we add or “amend” our constitution to constrain our government by adding…

This article was coauthored by Sarah Fife

On May 7, 2019, Denver, Colorando became the first city in the United States to decriminalize psilocybin mushrooms. Oakland, California did the same less than a month after Denver. While this seems like a big step in policy, this comes more than a decade after nations like the United Kingdom, The Netherlands, and Portugal legalized similar psychedelics. The lag in US policy is similar to other hot button items like internet privacy, taxing of the “super” corporations like Facebook, and aviation law concerning drones. Why do we see this delay in policy decisions…

In light of the COVID-19 outbreak, I began observing behaviors that govern risk levels of individuals, corporations, and the federal reserve. All readers can identify with at least one of the different types of reactions to this outbreak. First, is the person who has not changed their life at all. They go where they want when they want. So-called “essential” trips can range anywhere from a family BBQ to buying a new pair of socks. The second person is the opposite of the first, they ran to box stores on the appointed day, bought thousands of dollars of supplies, and…

Toph Glen Cottle

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